Children and youth make up a substantial portion of the Canadian population. They are a very diverse group – not only with regards to their culture, ethnicity, family structure, experiences – but also with regards to their living conditions and opportunities. There are numerous factors shaping the experiences of children and youth in Canada. In this module you will find population and demographic data describing who the children and youth are and where they live. As well, this module contains facts and figures presenting the diverse backgrounds of children and youth in Canada, their family life, economic security, education and health outcomes.
Children and youth make up a significant part of the entire population and understanding their distribution and composition is important. This section presents the changing demographics of Canada’s children and youth including the growing Aboriginal population.
1.1 The Number of Children and Youth in Canada
1.1.2Proportion of the total population who were children and youth from birth to 24 years, by age group, Canada, 2000 and 2010
1.1.3Children and youth from birth to age 24, as a proportion of the total population, by province and territory, 2010
1.2 Aboriginal Children and Youth in Canada
1.2.7Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations by age group, as a proportion of their total populations, Canada, 2006
1.2.11Number of children and youth 0 to 24 years reporting an Aboriginal identity, by province and territory, 2006
1.2.12Percentage of the total population of children and youth 0 to 24 years reporting an Aboriginal identity, by province and territory, 2006
1.3 Urban and Rural Composition
1.3.14Percentage of the population living in urban centres, Canada, provinces and territories, 2006
1.4.16Proportion of the Canadian population (all ages), by language spoken most often at home, 2006
1.4.18Proportion of First Nations children and youth 2 to 24 years with an Aboriginal mother tongue, by Status and residence, on- vs. off-reserve, Canada, 2006
1.4.19Proportion of Canadian children and youth under 25 years speaking only a non-official language most often at home, by province and territory, 2006
1.4.20Top 10 non-official languages spoken at home by children and youth under age 25 years, Canada, 2006
1.5 Families Immigrating to Canada
1.5.23Annual number of immigrants projected (2035/36) according to low, medium and high immigration, Canada, provinces and territories (thousands)
1.5.24Proportion of children and youth under 25 years who have immigrated to Canada, by province and territory, 2006
1.5.25Distribution of permanent Canadian residents under age 25, by region of origin, 2010, Total = 97,702
1.5.26Number of permanent residents under age 25, by immigration class, and proportion of permanent residents in each immigration class, Canada, 2010
1.6 Children and Families from Visible Minority groups
Family life in Canada is diverse. While the majority of children and youth live with two-parents, the structure of the family unit has changed over time. Family life and employment of family members has an impact on housing, food security and basic determinants of healthy child development. This section presents data on the structure of the family, an overview of living arrangements and the impact of work on family life.
2.1 Family Structure
2.2 Work and Family
Most children and youth in Canada live healthy lives, but some children and youth experience negative health outcomes. This section highlights causes of death, hospitalizations, injuries, disability, mental health, environmental health and lifestyle impacts; all areas pertaining to the health outcomes of Canadian children and youth.
3.3 Unintentional Injury
3.5 Infant death
3.5.11Infant death rates
3.6 Self-perceived Health
3.7 Environmental Health
3.8 Mental Health
3.9 Healthy Active Living
This section presents an overview of the familial economic and employment situation across Canada. The percentage of Canadian children and youth living in poverty has decreased in recent decades, yet there are still many living in low-income households.
4.3.3Unemployment rate, 2011
4.3.5Employment rate, 2011
4.4 Household Expenditures
It is important to look at how Canadian children and youth are doing compared to children and youth in other countries around the world. Comparisons help determine what Canada needs to do better regarding children’s health and well-being.
5.1 Economic Security
5.2 Gender Inequities
5.3.4Infant death rates, 2012
5.4 Reproductive Health
5.5 Health Issues