Percentage of children who are vulnerable in at least one area of development at age 5, by sex, Canada (excluding Nunavut), 2014

*Data for Nunavut not available.

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from Canadian Institute for Health Information. Children Vulnerable in Areas of Early Development: A Determinant of Child Health. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2014. -accessed July 24, 2017.

The majority of children in Canada are doing well on each of the five Early Development Instrument (EDI)** areas of development (communication skills and general knowledge; emotional maturity; physical health and well-being; social competence; and, language and cognitive development).

Overall in Canada, one in four children (26.7%) is vulnerable in one or more areas of development prior to entering Grade 1.

Girls were less likely to be vulnerable at age 5 than boys.

32.9% of boys in Canada were vulnerable in one or more areas of development compared with 19% of girls.

**For more information on the Early Development Instrument (EDI) please click here

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