Low and high scores were determined by the 10th/90th percentile cutpoints (as appropriate).
*Self-identified as belonging to a racial or cultural group other than “White” (does not include Aboriginal).
**At least one parent reported that they had become a landed immigrant in Canada in the 10 years prior to the survey.
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the Survey of Young Canadians 2010/2011, Statistics Canada – custom runs.
Children living in low income were more likely to have parents who scored low on the consistent parenting*** style scale in 2010/2011.
That was also the case among children who were part of visible minority groups and recent immigrants.
There was little difference by age or community (rural/urban).
***The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) and Survey of Young Children (SYC) measure consistent parenting by looking at parental behaviours such as setting clear and consistent expectations, and using non-punitive consequences with regard to their child’s behaviour.