Low and high scores were determined by the 10th/90th percentile cutpoints (as appropriate).
Source: CICH Graphic created using data adapted from the Survey of Young Canadians 2010/2011, Statistics Canada – custom runs.
In Canada in 2010/11, almost 10% of children aged 0 to 5 years lived with parents who demonstrated ineffective parenting* styles.
That proportion varied by province – with a high of almost 13% in Saskatchewan and a low of about 5% in Newfoundland & Labrador.
In that same year 11% of 0 to 5 year olds lived with parents who were not consistent** in their parenting styles.
That was the case for 14% of young children in Manitoba and 8% in British Columbia.
*The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) and Survey of Young Children (SYC) measure family functioning by looking at how well a family works together – for example, how they solve problems, communicate, treat each other emotionally and assume their various roles.
**The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) and Survey of Young Children (SYC) measure consistent parenting by looking at parental behaviours such as setting clear and consistent expectations, and using non-punitive consequences with regard to their child’s behaviour. Effective parenting is measured by looking at how parents communicate with and discipline their children