*There are a number of measures of school readiness/academic ability among 4- and 5-year-olds.
The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test assesses a child’s verbal ability and scholastic aptitude by having them look at pictures and identify the picture that matches a word spoken by an interviewer.
The Who Am I? test involves copying and writing tasks. The copying tasks in the assessment are designed to assess the child’s ability to conceptualize and reconstruct a geometrical shape. The writing tasks assess the ability of the child to understand and use symbolic representations such as numbers, letters and words. The child’s ability to complete the tasks depends on many factors including maturity, culture, experiences, and language skills.
The Number Knowledge test assesses a child’s ability to understand and use numbers.
Source: CICH graphic using data adapted from the Survey of Young Canadians 2010/2011, Statistics Canada, custom run
The mean standardized test scores on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary, Number Knowledge and Who Am I tests vary between the provinces.
New Brunswick and Manitoba’s mean scores are 99 on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary test while Nova Scotia’s is 104.
Québec’s mean score on the Number Knowledge test is 97 while that score is 103 in PEI, Ontario and British Columbia.
The mean Who Am I score is 109 in Ontario and 98 in Québec.