5.5.5 Provincial and Territorial Coverage for Children's Dental Services
- A - Public health dental screening program
- B - Universal dental coverage for children
- C - Coverage for targeted dental care programs for children
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
As per the legend, scroll mouse over the provinces and territories to see which dental programs are offered in each jurisdiction. For a summary of dental coverage for children across Canada click here.
Map used with permission from Guttmann, A., Gandhi, S., Hanvey, Li, P., Barwick, M., Cohen, E., Glazer, S., Reisman, J. & Brownell, M. (2017). Primary Health Care Services for Children and Youth in Canada: Access, Quality and Structure. In The Health of Canada’s Children and Youth: A CICH Profile. Retrieved from https://cichprofile.ca/module/3/ -accessed July 24, 2017.
Click here to see how these data were gathered.
Some provinces and territories offer universal dental coverage for basic services such as diagnosis and fillings for children up to pre-adolescence (Québec, Newfoundland & Labrador, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island) or a specific grade level (Yukon). Nunavut and the Northwest Territories provide complete coverage for First Nations and Inuit children.
In addition to basic dental care a number of provinces (New Brunswick, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia) offer additional coverage including emergency treatment, exams and fillings for youth from families receiving financial assistance, for children in foster care, or children who have complex medical needs.
Only three provinces (British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Alberta) incorporate public health dental programs focused on prevention and education that target school-aged children. The Early Childhood Dental Initiative in Prince Edward Island was the only program that had dental screening for 15 to 18 month olds in public health immunization clinics.
For more information about the dental care programs for children and youth across Canada, click here.
As a result of the financing of dental care in Canada, these services are not equally accessible to all children and youth. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry advocates the establishment of a ‘dental home’ model for children, similar to the medical home model, which focuses on care that is comprehensive, compassionate, family-centered, accessible, coordinated, and culturally effective. They recommend a number of components:
• The establishment of a ‘dental home’ by 12 months of age;
• Timely comprehensive acute and preventive oral care services;
• Regular assessment for oral conditions and diseases;
• Individualized health programs aimed at prevention of dental trauma;
• Preventive education and guidance for growth and development;
• Dietary counselling; referrals to specialists; and
• Transitions to adult care.1
1Original Council. Policy on the dental home. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 2012