The appropriate restraint system for infants less than one year is a rear-facing seat.1
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the Canadian National Survey on Child Restraint Use 2010. Transport Canada, in partnership with AUTO21.
https://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/roadsafety/Child_Restraint_Survey_2010.pdf – accessed June 24, 2017.
The proportion of infants who were properly restrained in a rear-facing seat in 2010 varied between provinces and territories.
That was the case for only 68% of infants in Alberta but 100% of infants in New Brunswick.
1Snowdon, Anne W., Hussein, A and Ahmed, E. (2010). Technical Report: Canadian National Survey on Child Restraint Use 2010. Completed for Transport Canada, in partnership with AUTO21. https://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/roadsafety/Child_Restraint_Survey_2010.pdf– accessed June 24, 2017.