*Visible minority: self-identified as belonging to a racial or cultural group other than “White” (does not include Aboriginal).
**Recent immigrant: At least one parent reported that they had become a landed immigrant in Canada in the 10 years prior to the survey.
***LICO (low income cut off) data based on postal code information.
Low and high scores were determined by the 10th/90th percentile cutpoints (as appropriate).
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the Survey of Young Canadians 2010/2011, Statistics Canada – custom runs.
Children under 6 living in urban communities were more likely to have parents who said they had low levels of social support1 than those living in rural communities.
Children under 6 who were from a visible minority group were almost three times as likely as those who were not part of a visible minority group to have parents who felt they had low levels of social support.
That was the same for children who were recent immigrants – they were three times more likely to have parents reporting low social support than those who were not recent immigrants.
Children living in low income households are more likely to have parents who feel they have low social support than children living in higher income households.
1The purpose of the neighbourhood scales is to assess the extent of the presence/absence of certain neighbourhood characteristics. In particular, the neighbourhood cohesion scale can be used to measure the social unity of a neighbourhood (the extent to which the PMK- person most knowledgeable- feels that there is cohesion in the neighbourhood). Adult respondents were asked whether people in their neighbourhood are willing to help each other, deal with local problems, keep an eye open for possible trouble, and watch out for the safety of neighbourhood children, and whether they are people that their children can look up to. All questions about the neighbourhood were administered to the PMK or spouse/partner of the PMK. To identify low levels of neighbourhood cohesion, thresholds (or cutoff points) were established by taking the scale score that is closest to the 10th percentile based on Cycle 3 data for children in all provinces. The variable represents the proportion of children whose neighbourhoods exhibit lower levels of cohesion (as reported by the PMK) and those whose neighbourhoods do not. The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2011. Technical Notes. http://www.dpe-agje-ecd-elcc.ca/eng/ecd/well-being/page12.shtml-accessed July 24, 2017.