Percentage of children under 6 whose parents reported that their neighbourhood had a low safety score, by age group, Canada, 2002/2003 and 2010/2011

Low and high scores were determined by the 10th/90th percentile cutpoints (as appropriate).

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth 2002/2003, Statistics Canada – custom runs and Survey of Young Canadians 2010/2011, Statistics Canada – custom runs.

Between 2002/03 and 2010/11, there was a decrease in the percentage of 0 to 2 year-olds and 3 to 5 year-olds whose parents reported that their neighbourhood had a low safety score1 – from about 8% in 2002/03 to 6% in 2010/11.

1The neighbourhood safety scale can be used to measure the extent to which the PMK (person most knowledgeable) feels that there is a sense of safety in the neighbourhood. All questions about the neighbourhood were administered to the PMK or spouse/partner of the PMK. To identify low levels of neighbourhood safety, thresholds (or cutoff points) were established by taking the scale score that is closest to the 10th percentile based on Cycle 4 data (because the question was not asked in Cycle 3) for children in all provinces. The variable represents the proportion of children living in neighbourhoods with a lower sense of safety (as reported by the PMK) and those who do not.The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2011. Technical Notes. July 24, 2017.