Proportion of children 1 to 5 years of age whose parents were working or studying, in non-parental care or cared for by parents, Canada, 2002/2003 and 2006/2007

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children. Government of Canada Report co-published by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. 2011. -accessed July 24, 2017.

In 2006/07, 53.8% of children from 1 to 5 years of age, whose parents were working or studying, were in some form of non-parental child care.

That was slightly down from 56.3% in 2002/03.

Children living in urban centres were more likely to be in non-parental care than those in rural areas (54.4% vs 49.7%) in 2006/07.1

Using non-parental care increases with family income, the age of the children, and their parents’ educational level.1

Immigrant families are less likely to use non-parental care than are non-immigrant families.1

1The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2011. July 24, 2017