Proportion of postpartum women who scored ≥13 on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), by characteristics, Canada, 2006/2007
*Use with caution.
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the Public Health Agency of Canada, Maternity Experiences Survey, 2006-2007 http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/rhs-ssg/pdf/tab-eng.pdf – accessed July 15, 2017.
According to the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES**), in 2006/2007, almost 8% of all postpartum women in Canada scored ≥ 13 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).1
Mothers who score above 13 are likely to be suffering from a depressive illness of varying severity.
Younger women 15 to 19 years old were almost twice as likely to score ≥ 13 – than some of the other age groups (14%).
Women with less formal education and those living below the low-income cutoff were also almost twice as likely to score ≥ 13 compared with women who were more highly educated and not living in low income.1
**The MES population consisted of birth mothers 15 years of age and older who had a singleton live birth in Canada during a three-month period preceding the 2006 Canadian Census of Population and who lived with their infant at the time of data collection. Using the 2006 Canadian Census, a stratified random sample of 8,244 women estimated to be eligible was identified. Of these women, 6,421 (78%) completed a 45-minute interview at five to 14 months after the birth of their baby, conducted primarily by telephone. The MES assessed women using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), a 10-item screening tool to identify postpartum depression at the time of its administration. A score of 13 or higher on the EPDS is considered indicative of postpartum depression and a score of 10 to 12 is indicative of being at risk for postpartum depression. The MES asked women whether they had ever been prescribed antidepressants or been diagnosed with depression prior to their pregnancy. Women were also asked whether they had received enough information on postpartum depression during their pregnancy and whether they had support available to them when they needed it since their baby was born.
1Public Health Agency of Canada, Maternity Experiences Survey, 2006-2007 http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/rhs-ssg/pdf/tab-eng.pdf
Parental depression can have a profound effect on the development and well-being of young children. Depressed parents are often despondent about the future, lack energy and are emotionally withdrawn. Fortunately the majority of young children live with mothers who are not depressed and whose parents report that their mental health is very good or excellent. However, it is also of concern that almost 8% of all postpartum women in Canada experienced postpartum depression.1
1Public Health Agency of Canada, Maternity Experiences Survey, 2006-2007. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/rhs-ssg/pdf/tab-eng.pdf -accessed July 24, 2017.
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