Percentage of households in core housing need by the immigrant status of the primary household maintainer, Canada, 2011

Note: Immigrant households include households whose primary maintainer has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

*Core housing need means that the householders spent 30% or more of their before tax income on housing; the housing was in major need of repair; or their housing was crowded – it did not have enough bedrooms for the size and make-up of the family

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). Canadian Housing Observer. 2014. accessed March 20, 2017

In 2011, immigrants were more likely than non-immigrants to live in core housing need.

Non-permanent residents** were more than twice as likely as non-immigrants (in general) to live in core housing need – 25.4%.

17% of immigrants lived in core housing need compared with 11% of non-immigrants.

Recent immigrants (immigrated in the 5 years before 2011) were more likely than those who had immigrated more than 5 years before to live in core housing need.

There was a gradient associated with years since immigration. Core housing need decreased according to a gradient from most recent immigrants to those who immigrated prior to 1986.

**Non-permanent resident households include households whose primary maintainer is from another country, who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living with them.