Proportion of the population living in urban and rural settings, by province and territory, Canada, 2011

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. – accessed July 18, 2017.

In 2011, the proportion of Canadians who lived in urban versus rural settings differed among the provinces and territories.

In Ontario only 14% of the population lived in rural communities.

In Prince Edward Island 53% of people lived in rural communities as did 52% in Nunavut and 48% in New Brunswick.


Living in urban versus rural settings creates different experiences and benefits to young children.

For example, in rural areas, children may have more access to green space – which we know is advantageous for their health and development.

On the other hand, children may have more access to early child care programs and health services in urban settings.