|At least one parent attended||At least one grandparent attended|
|Attended a Residential School||11.3||61.8|
*Living on reserve and northern communities
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the First Nations Information Governance Centre, National Report of the First Nations Regional Health Survey Phase 3: Volume One, (Ottawa: 2018). 200 pages. Published in March 2018.
In 2015/2016, 11.3% of First Nations children aged 0 to 11 years had at least one parent that had attended a Residential School.
61.8% of First Nations children aged 0 to 11 years had at least one grandparent that had attended a Residential School.
The findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission clearly demonstrated that the legacy of the Indian Residential Schools continues to the present time. It has resulted in significant disparities in education, income and health between Indigenous people and other Canadians. The Commission reported that the survivors are not the only ones whose lives have been disrupted and scarred by the residential schools; their children, grandchildren, extended families and communities have also been affected. Some children who were abused in the schools abused others. Some lacked parenting skills as a result of not having been parented. Some developed addictions as a means of coping – affecting their families.
Source: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission – accessed November 18, 2018.