Note: Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from Statistics Canada – 2016 Census. Catalogue Number 98-400-X2016156.
In 2016, approximately 7.7% of all Canadian children aged 5 to 14 years were Indigenous.
That proportion varied between the provinces and territories.
In Nunavut, 96% of all children aged 5 to 14 years were Indigenous.
That was the case for 29% of children in this age group in Manitoba and 27% in Saskatchewan.
The distribution of Indigenous children is not spread evenly across Canada as some Canadian provinces/territories have significantly higher proportions of Indigenous peoples. Addressing the socio-economic inequities and health disparities of Indigenous children, especially in provinces/territories with high proportions of Indigenous children (the Western provinces and three territories), has considerable potential to not only strengthen Indigenous families and communities, but also the economic potential of the provinces/territories in which they reside.