Percentage of Métis and Non-Indigenous children under 6 years living in low-income families, by rural and urban, Canada, 2005

Income here refers to total income from all sources including employment income, income from government sources, pension income, investment income and any other money income received during the calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over.
*Low income before tax cut-offs (LICOs) – Income levels at which families or persons not in economic families are expected to spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing. Economic families in the Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories and Nunavut and on Indian reserves were excluded as the low income cut-offs are based on certain expenditure- income patterns which are not available from survey data for the entire population.

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from Statistics Canada – Catalogue no. 89-634-X 16. Aboriginal Children’s Survey, 2006: Family, Community and Child Care. -accessed July 17, 2017.

In 2005, 32% of Métis children under 6 lived in low-income* families – compared to 18% of non-Indigenous children.

Rural Métis children were less likely to live in low-income families (20%) compared to urban Métis children (36%).

Rural non-Indigenous children were also less likely to live in poverty compared to urban non-Indigenous children.


Métis children are less likely to be living in low-income families as compared to First Nations children (on and off reserve); however, they are still much more likely to be living in low-income families as compared to non-Indigenous children. Like First Nations children, urban Métis children are considerably more likely to be living in low-income families compared to non-Indigenous children.