Percent of First Nations households with children, by household income, Canada, 2008/2010

Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS) 2008/10, National report on adults, youth and children living in First Nations Communities. -accessed August 15, 2017.

In 2008/2010, 42.9% of First Nations children lived in households with incomes of less than $20,000.

In 2013/2015, according to the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey, the number of First Nations children living in households with incomes less than $20,000 was slightly lower at 39.2%.1

1First Nations Information Governance Centre, Our Data, Our Stories, Our Future: The National Report of the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey. 2016. August 25, 2017.


When children live in conditions of chronic poverty, they are more likely to have cognitive and social-emotional deficits (which impacts school success and academic trajectories); poorer health outcomes related to nutritional deficiencies or inadequacies; higher rates of unintentional injuries and related deaths; as well as higher rates of mental health and substance abuse issues as adults.

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