4.4.3 Métis Housing

Close to two-thirds (68%) of Métis live in urban areas.1 The rates of poor housing (e.g., overcrowding and homes in need of major repair) among Métis people are close to the Canadian averages, and lower than that of Inuit and First Nations people.2 Three percent of Métis people live in housing that is overcrowded, compared to 4% nationally, while 14% of Métis homes need major repair compared to 7% nationally.3

There are a number of programs that strive to help Métis find appropriate and affordable housing. For example:
• The Métis Capital Housing Corporation (MCHC) provides affordable, quality homes to Alberta’s Métis and Indigenous peoples. The MCHC is owned by the Métis Nation of Alberta, and serves residents based on a number of principles. They share the culture and values of the people they serve; they serve people fairly and with respect and the programs provide sustainable and livable homes. They serve more than 3,00 tenants.4
• Canada’s Métis Nation leaders signed a $500-million, 10-year sub-accord on housing with the federal government. This sub-accord will enable regional Métis governments to oversee the design, delivery and administration of housing services. The nation-to-nation agreement does not involve provincial governments, and the funds will go directly to Métis governments for housing projects and programs.5

1Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. [CMHC]. (2013). 2006 Census Housing Series: Issue 20 Métis Households: Housing conditions and core housing need, research highlight – accessed November 14, 2018.
2(NCCAH). (2017). Housing as a social determinant of First Nations, Inuit and Métis health. National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health – accessed November 14, 2018.
3Statistics Canada. (2015). Aboriginal statistics at a glance: 2nd edition. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 89-645- x2015001.
4Métis Capital Housing Corporation. (2018). About us – accessed November 14, 2018.
5Crown Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. (2018). Signing of the Métis Nation housing sub-accord -accessed November 14, 2018.