|Minor cuts, scrapes, bruises||Broken or fractured bones||Major sprain or strain||Burns or scalds||Dental injury||Concussion|
|Type of Injury||42.9||23.1||13.1||5.9||2.7||1.7|
Source: CICH graphic created using data adapted from the First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey (RHS) 2008/10, National report on adults, youth and children living in First Nations Communities. https://fnigc.ca/sites/default/files/docs/first_nations_regional_health_survey_rhs_2008-10_-_national_report.pdf -accessed July 27, 2017.
In 2008/2010, the most common form of injury for First Nations children age 0 to 11 years living on reserve was minor scrapes, cuts and bruises, accounting for almost half of all injuries.
According to the Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey (2007/08), cuts and lacerations were the most common type of injury for Inuit children aged 3 to 5.1
1Egeland, G.M., & Qaunuippitali Steering Committee Members. (2009). The International Polar Year Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey, 2007/2008. Montreal, QC: Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition and Environment & School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University. Accessed August 10, 2017 from http://www.inuithealthsurvey.ca/pdf/Child_Inuit_Health_Survey_Aug_31.pdf.
Factors contributing to injuries among First Nations children include: low rates of seatbelt usage; increased use of alternative modes of motorized transportation such as snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs); the remoteness of many Indigenous communities, which means traveling greater distances on poor quality or icy roads as well as limited access to emergency rescue or medical assistance; and increased access to bodies of water for recreation, transportation and food. This is also coupled with lower usage of flotation devices, high rates of smoking, reliance on wood heat, poor housing conditions, and lack of smoke detectors, as well as poverty and poor quality/overcrowded housing conditions. Injury prevention in Indigenous communities must take into account the socio-economic realities in which Indigenous people live, in conjunction with an individual’s own personal resources.